Send to

Choose Destination
J Breath Res. 2017 Sep 27;11(4):046005. doi: 10.1088/1752-7163/aa61c5.

Serum and exhaled breath condensate leptin levels in asthmatic and obesity children: a pilot study.

Author information

Department of Surgical Sciences, Dentistry, Gynecology and Pediatrics, University of Verona, Italy.



Recent studies have highlighted the possible involvement of leptin in inflammation. The leptin receptor is also expressed by alveolar macrophages, T lymphocytes and bronchial epitelial cells, suggesting a possible role in the cascade of airway inflammation.


The aim of the study was to evaluate the levels of leptin in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) from asthmatic, normal- and overweight children, in relationship with airway inflammation.


15 asthmatic non-obese children, 15 healthy non-asthmatic non-obese children, 11 obese children with asthma (OA) and 20 obese children without asthma (ONA) were enrolled. Body impedance of body weight, EBC collection, FeNO, spirometry and a blood sampling for serum leptin were assessed.


Leptin EBC levels were significantly higher (3.9 ng ml-1 ± 1.3) in overweight children than those obese with asthma (3.6 ng ml-1 ± 1.6; p = 0.97), non-owerweight asthmatics (2.2 ng ml-1 ± 1.2; p < 0.0001) and in healthy children (0.9 ng ml-1 ± 0.6; p < 0.001). Leptin EBC levels in asthmatic children were significantly higher than in healthy children (p = 0.05). Leptin serum levels were significantly higher in the overweight children compared with the asthmatics (12.7 ng ml-1 ± 13.2; p < 0.001) and the healthy group (11.1 ng ml-1 ± 11.2; p < 0.001). We observed a significant correlation between EBC-leptin levels and the serum-leptin levels (p = 0.001). No correlations were found between EBC-leptin levels, FeNO and lung function.


This study shows that leptin is measurable in EBC in children and that EBC-leptin levels are significantly higher in the obese subjects and in asthmatic ones compared with healthy subjects. Leptin may therefore represent a non-invasive marker of non-specific airway inflammation in children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for IOP Publishing Ltd.
Loading ...
Support Center