Send to

Choose Destination
Pharm Res. 2017 Dec;34(12):2652-2662. doi: 10.1007/s11095-017-2263-7. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

Disease-Induced Alterations in Brain Drug Transporters in Animal Models of Alzheimer's Disease : Theme: Drug Discovery, Development and Delivery in Alzheimer's Disease Guest Editor: Davide Brambilla.

Author information

School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, FI, Finland.
School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, FI, Finland.
Laboratoire de la barrière hémato-encéphalique (LBHE), University Artois, Lens, France.
A. I. Virtanen Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Herston, QLD, Australia.



Alzheimer's disease (AD) may disturb functions of the blood-brain barrier and change the disposition of drugs to the brain. This study assessed the disease-induced changes in drug transporters in the brain capillaries of transgenic AD mice.


Eighteen drug transporters and four tight junction-associated proteins were analyzed by RT-qPCR in cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum tissue samples of 12-16-month-old APdE9, Tg2576 and APP/PS1 transgenic mice and their healthy age-matched controls. In addition, microvessel fractions enriched from 1-3-month-old APdE9 mice were analyzed using RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Brain transport of methotrexate in APdE9 mice was assessed by in vivo microdialysis.


The expression profiles of studied genes were similar in brain tissues of AD and control mice. Instead, in the microvessel fraction in APdE9 mice, >2-fold alterations were detected in the expressions of 11 genes but none at the protein level. In control mice strains, >5-fold changes between different brain regions were identified for Slc15a2, Slc22a3 and occludin. Methotrexate distribution into hippocampus of APdE9 mice was faster than in controls.


The expression profile of mice carrying presenilin and amyloid precursor protein mutations is comparable to controls, but clear regional differences exist in the expression of drug transporters in brain.


APdE9; CNS exposure; blood-brain barrier; brain disposition; brain microdialysis; pharmacokinetics

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center