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J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2017 Nov;27(6):713-717. doi: 10.1111/vec.12670. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

Use of urinary bladder measurements from a point-of-care cysto-colic ultrasonographic view to estimate urinary bladder volume in dogs and cats.

Author information

1
Hill Country Veterinary Specialists, Spicewood, TX 78669.
2
Department of Production Animal Studies, The University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To develop a point-of-care ultrasound-derived formula to estimate urinary bladder volume noninvasively in dogs and cats.

DESIGN:

Prospective case series.

SETTING:

Private 24-hour veterinary emergency center.

ANIMALS:

Client-owned dogs and cats requiring urethral catheterization.

INTERVENTIONS:

Ultrasound measurements of length, width, and height of balloons filled with known water volumes were used to develop a formula to estimate urinary bladder volume using linear regression. The formula was then applied to point-of-care ultrasound-derived cysto-colic view measurements, and calculations were compared to total aspirated urine volume.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Fifteen balloons with known volumes (median, 126 mL [range, 27-689 mL]) were used to identify length × width × height (cm) × 0.2 × π as the best formula to estimate urinary bladder volume in milliliters. Fourteen cats and 14 dogs were used for comparison of formula-derived volume estimate to actual urinary bladder volume. Median aspirated urine volume, bias (formula-derived minus actual aspirated), and percentage difference were 80 mL, -4.1 mL, and -6.6% for cats, respectively. For dogs, the results were 78 mL, 3.4 mL, and 3.6%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

The point-of-care ultrasound-derived formula may be useful to estimate urine volume noninvasively in dogs and cats.

KEYWORDS:

AFAST; canine; feline; ultrasound; urine output

PMID:
28950423
DOI:
10.1111/vec.12670
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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