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Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2017 Sep 25;19(11):54. doi: 10.1007/s11894-017-0597-2.

Going Gluten Free: the History and Nutritional Implications of Today's Most Popular Diet.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 3400 Civic Center Boulevard, 7th Floor, South Tower, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. carolyn.newberry@uphs.upenn.edu.
2
Department of Surgical Critical Care, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine Knoxville, 1932 Alcoa Highway Building, Suite 270, Knoxville, TN, 37920, USA.
3
Department of Nephrology, Northshore University HealthSystem, 2650 Ridge Avenue, Evanston, IL, 60201, USA.
4
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 3400 Civic Center Boulevard, 7th Floor, South Tower, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

The gluten-free diet (GFD) has become one of the most popular diets in modern history. Claims of improved health and increased energy fuel this popularity, though there is little evidence to substantiate these claims. The present review focuses on outlining known gluten-related disorders (GRD), discussing the GFD in the general population, exploring nutritional considerations, and providing advice for physicians in managing these patients.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Currently, about a quarter of the population reports keeping a GFD despite GRDs affecting less than half of these individuals. Reduced intake of calcium, B vitamins, and fiber as well as enhanced consumption of fat and simple carbohydrates has consistently been reported and needs to be continually addressed. Although a necessity in proper management of GRDs, unforeseen nutritional complications may develop in patients who are gluten free for which enhanced physician awareness is vital to achieving optimal patient care.

KEYWORDS:

Celiac disease; Gluten-free diet; Gluten-related disorder; Non-celiac gluten sensitivity; Nutrition

PMID:
28948465
DOI:
10.1007/s11894-017-0597-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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