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Acta Med Scand. 1988;223(2):153-7.

Studies of insulin resistance following hypoglycemia in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Insulin resistance was assessed after a hypoglycemia induced by insulin (1.5 mU X kg-1 X min-1) between 7 and 8 a.m. in 10 well-insulinized patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Blood glucose levels during a somatostatin (100 micrograms X h-1)-insulin (0.4 mU X kg-1 X min-1)-glucose (4.5 mg X kg-1)-infusion test (SIGIT) performed between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m. served as an indicator of total body insulin resistance. Plasma epinephrine, growth hormone, and cortisol increased in response to hypoglycemia, while blunted responses of glucagon were simultaneously registered. At the start of the subsequent SIGIT, blood glucose and plasma-free insulin concentrations were similar to those obtained in the control study without preceding hypoglycemia, and at this point all counter-regulatory hormones had returned to basal. During the SIGIT close to identical levels of plasma-free insulin and counter-regulatory hormones were registered, despite which a significant hyperglycemia was seen 2 hours after the start of the SIGIT when preceded by hypoglycemia. In a separate study, the SIGIT was shown to have a good reproducibility in IDDM patients. We conclude that hypoglycemia evokes a state of insulin resistance for several hours, as demonstrated by elevated blood glucose levels during a somatostatin-insulin-glucose-infusion test.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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