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Child Abuse Negl. 2017 Nov;73:51-62. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.09.010. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

Cultivating youth resilience to prevent bullying and cyberbullying victimization.

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Florida Atlantic University, 5353 Parkside Drive, Jupiter, FL 33458-2906, USA. Electronic address:
University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, 105 Garfield Avenue, Eau Claire, WI 54702-4004, USA. Electronic address:


In an effort to better prevent and respond to bullying and cyberbullying, schools are recognizing a need to focus on positive youth development. One often-neglected developmental construct in this rubric is resilience, which can help students successfully respond to the variety of challenges they face. Enhancing this internal competency can complement the ever-present efforts of schools as they work to create a safe and supportive learning environment by shaping the external environment around the child. Based on a national sample of 1204 American youth between the ages of 12 and 17, we explore the relationship between resilience and experience with bullying and cyberbullying. We also examine whether resilient youth who were bullied (at school and online) were less likely to be significantly impacted at school. Results show resilience is a potent protective factor, both in preventing experience with bullying and mitigating its effect. Implications for school and community-based interventions are offered.


Adolescence; Bullying; Cyberbullying; Positive youth development; Resilience; School violence

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