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Interv Neuroradiol. 2017 Dec;23(6):583-588. doi: 10.1177/1591019917729364. Epub 2017 Sep 24.

Influence of carotid tortuosity on internal carotid artery access time in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke.

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1 Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, 39058 University Hospital of the RWTH Aachen , Aachen, Germany.
2 Department of Neuroradiology, 9182 University Medical Center Mainz, Mainz , Germany.


Purpose Carotid artery anatomy is thought to influence internal carotid artery access time (ICA-AT) in patients requiring mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke. This study investigates the association between ICA-AT and carotid anatomy. Material and methods Computed tomography angiography (CTA) data of 76 consecutive patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke requiring mechanical thrombectomy for middle cerebral artery or carotid T occlusion were evaluated. The supraaortic extracranial vasculature was analyzed regarding take-off angles and curvature of the affected side. Digital subtraction angiography data were primarily analyzed regarding ICA-AT and secondarily regarding recanalization time and radiographic result. Results ICA-AT was significantly influenced by vessel tortuosity. Take-off angle of the left common carotid artery ( p = 0.001) and the brachiocephalic trunk ( p = 0.002) as well as the tortuosity of the common carotid artery ( p = 0.002) had highest impact on ICA-AT. For recanalization time, however, we found only the take-off angle of the left common carotid artery to be of significance ( p = 0.020). There was a tendency for ICA-AT to correlate with successful (mTICI ≥ 2 b) revascularization (average time of successful results was 24.3 minutes, of unsuccessful was 35.6 minutes; p = 0.065). Every evaluated segment with less carotid tortuosity showed a carotid AT below 25 minutes. Conclusion Supraaortic vessel tortuosity significantly influences ICA-AT in mechanical thrombectomy for an acute large vessel. There furthermore was a trend for lower successful recanalization rates with increasing ICA-AT.


AIS; ICA; access time; carotid anatomy; thrombectomy; tortuosity

[Available on 2018-12-01]
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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