Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Affect Disord. 2018 Jan 15;226:6-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.09.017. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Can flow experiences be protective of work-related depressive symptoms and burnout? A genetically informative approach.

Author information

1
Dept of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: Miriam.Mosing@ki.se.
2
Dept of Psychology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
3
Dept of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Genetic research on depression and burnout has focused mostly on adverse factors, although various aspects in daily life related to positive coping and well-being have been shown to potentially be protective. Using a large genetically informative sample, we aim to explore the potential relationship between flow proneness and work-related depressive symptoms and burnout.

METHODS:

About 10,000 Swedish twins filled in the Swedish Flow Proneness Questionnaire, a subscale of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL) depression scale, and the Emotional Exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. A higher score indicated more flow, less emotional exhaustion and less depression. The classical twin design and co-twin control analyses were applied.

RESULTS:

Phenotypic correlations were .43 between depressive symptoms and flow proneness, .34 between burnout and flow proneness, and .62 between depressive symptoms and burnout. Broad-sense heritabilities (G) ranged between 33-35% for the three variables. Associations between the variables were due to significant genetic as well as non-shared environmental influences. Co-twin control analyses showed that associations remained significant when controlling for all genetic and shared familial factors, in line with a causal relationship.

LIMITATIONS:

Although the co-twin control design can test for consistency of associations with a causal relationship, it cannot unequivocally establish causality.

CONCLUSIONS:

Genetic liability has a substantial influence on associations between flow proneness and emotional problems at work (depression, burnout). However, the presence of significant environmental correlations is in line with a (partly) causal relationship between flow and work related depression and burnout, which in turn may suggest that interventions which increase flow could potentially reduce emotional problems at work.

KEYWORDS:

Emotional exhaustion; Intervention; Mental health; Twin; Well-being

PMID:
28942204
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2017.09.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center