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Ann Surg. 1988 Mar;207(3):274-82.

Metabolic intervention in surgical patients. An assessment of the effect of somatostatin, ranitidine, naloxone, diclophenac, dipyridamole, or salbutamol infusion on energy and protein kinetics in surgical patients using stable and radioisotopes.

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1
University Department of Surgery, Auckland Hospital, New Zealand.

Abstract

We have assessed the effect of a variety of forms of metabolic intervention on both energy and protein metabolism in 44 severely ill surgical patients. The patients were studied either in the basal state or while receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and the metabolic effects were assessed using the primed-constant infusion of a combination of stable isotopes and radioisotopes. Somatostatin infusion, either in the basal state or in the TPN, did not change glucose kinetics, but there was a significant decrease in the rate of net protein catabolism (NPC). In the basal studies the rate of NPC decreased from 3.4 +/- 0.7 g/kg/d to 2.9 +/- 0.7 g/kg/d (p less than 0.002), while in the TPN patients the corresponding values were 1.48 +/- 0.61 g/kg/d and 1.10 +/- 0.50 g/kg/d, respectively (p less than 0.005). Histamine type 2 blockade with ranitidine did not significantly alter glucose kinetics, but in both the TPN patients and in the basal state ranitidine was associated with a significant decrease in the rate of NPC. In the basal state rate of NPC was 2.44 +/- 0.53 g/kg/d and during ranitidine infusion the value was 2.08 +/- 0.42 g/kg/d (p less than 0.04). Naloxone infusion did not alter glucose kinetics, but there was a significant decrease in the rate of NPC from a basal value of 2.6 +/- 0.6 g/kg/d to 2.3 +/- 0.5 g/kg/d (p less than 0.04). The infusion of the prostaglandin antagonists diclofenac or dipyridamole resulted in increases in the plasma insulin level, and as a result glucose turnover decreased in both groups. In the diclofenac group the rate of glucose turnover decreased from 14.4 +/- 1.7 mumol/kg/min to 12.6 +/- 1.3 mumol/kg/min (p less than 0.02). Neither prostaglandin antagonist resulted in any significant change in the rate of NPC. Beta-adrenergic stimulation with salbutamol resulted in a significant increase in glucose turnover from 12.1 +/- 1.1 mumol/kg/min to 13.4 +/- 0.9 mumol/kg/min (p less than 0.02), and the rates of appearance (Ra) of both alanine and free fatty acids (FFAs) also increased. Alanine Ra increased from 11.7 +/- 2.5 mumol/kg/min to 12.8 +/- 3.0 mumol/kg/min, and the corresponding values for FFA turnover were 7.6 +/- 1.1 mumol/kg/min and 10.3 +/- 2.1 mumol/kg/min (p less than 0.03), respectively. Salbutamol infusion did not result in any significant change in the rate of NPC.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
2894205
PMCID:
PMC1493414
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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