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Oncotarget. 2017 Jul 14;8(35):59977-59985. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.19230. eCollection 2017 Aug 29.

A systematic review of malignancy-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis that needs more attentions.

Wang H#1,2,3, Xiong L#1,2, Tang W1,2, Zhou Y2, Li F1.

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Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, China.
Medical College, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, China.
Department of Respiratory, Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, China.
Contributed equally


As an infrequent but potentially life-threatening hyperinflammatory syndrome, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is clinically characterized with prolonged fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperferritinemia and hemophagocytosis in bone marrow, liver, spleen or lymph nodes. Malignancy-associated HLH (M-HLH), one type of acquired HLH, usually presents variable overlaps of symptoms with other types of HLH, thus resulting in higher incidence of misdiagnosis and mortality. In recent years, with the increasing awareness to this disease, the diagnosis and management of HLH have gained more and more attention, and improvements have been made accordingly. As a result, the survival of patients is greatly prolonged. However, there is still no consensus on the diagnostic criteria and treatment strategies due to lack of large samples or prospective clinical trials. In order to improve recognition and diagnosis, and provide guidance regarding the treatment of M-HLH, the Study Group in HLH Subtypes of the Histiocyte Society has developed consensus recommendations for the diagnosis and management of M-HLH in 2015. In the present article, we summarized and discussed some updated understandings in M-HLH.


hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis; hemophagocytic syndrome; lymphoma; malignancy

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CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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