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Oncotarget. 2017 Jul 31;8(35):59417-59434. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.19727. eCollection 2017 Aug 29.

Long non-coding RNA MALAT1 for promoting metastasis and proliferation by acting as a ceRNA of miR-144-3p in osteosarcoma cells.

Author information

The 4th Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shenyang Medical College, Shenyang, P. R. China.
Department of Pathology, Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute, Shenyang, P. R. China.
Department of Joint Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, P. R. China.
The 2nd Department of Cardiology, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shenyang Medical College, Shenyang, P. R. China.
Department of Surgical Oncology, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shenyang Medical College, Shenyang, P. R. China.
Contributed equally


Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in various biological processes and diseases including osteosarcoma. Long non-coding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is overly expressed in osteosarcoma. But the function and mechanism it works on in osteosarcoma proliferation and metastasis mediated by Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) and Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 2 (ROCK2) remain unclear. In the present study, an elevated MALAT1 was found in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, and the elevated MALAT1 was correlated with a poor prognosis in osteosarcoma patients. The functional experiments show that a decreased MALAT1 could remarkably inhibit osteosarcoma cell metastasis and proliferation but induce cell cycle arrest, indicating that MALAT1 functioned as an oncogene in osteosarcoma. Furthermore, we confirmed that MALAT1 and ROCK1/ROCK2 which were targeted by microRNA-144-3p (miR-144-3p) shared the same miR-144-3p combining site. Furthermore, the constructed luciferase assay verified that MALAT1 was a target of miR-144-3p. Additionally, the results of a qRT-PCR demonstrated that MALAT1 and miR-144-3p repressed each other's expression in a reciprocal manner. Finally, we affirmed that an overexpression of MALAT1 inhibited ROCK1/ROCK2 expression and its mediated metastasis and proliferation by working as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) via miR-144-3p. In summary, the findings of this study based on the ceRNA theory, combining the research foundation of miR-144-3p, ROCK1 and ROCK2, taking MALAT1 as a new point of study, provided new insights into molecular level proliferation reversal and metastasis of osteosarcoma.


ceRNA; lncRNA MALAT1; metastasis and proliferation; miR-144-3p; osteosarcoma

Conflict of interest statement

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

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