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J Craniofac Surg. 2017 Nov;28(8):e771-e773. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000003959.

Proteus Syndrome With a Cranial Intraosseous Lipoma.

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*Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keck School of Medicine at University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA †Division of Plastic Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital-Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY ‡Division of Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles §Department of Neurological Surgery ||Department of Pathology and Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine ¶Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, University of Southern California #Division of Genomic Medicine, Center for Personalized Medicine **Division of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.


Intraosseous lipomas are almost exclusively seen in the long bones. Presence in the craniofacial skeleton is extremely rare. A 7-year-old male is presented with a marked craniofacial deformation from a bony tumor containing an intraosseous lipoma. This finding established a clinical diagnosis of Proteus syndrome. Given the size of the tumor, producing an extensive deformity, three-dimensional modeling was used to generate a three-dimensional printed implant. The process to achieve a successful outcome is herein described.

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