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J Comp Neurol. 1987 Dec 8;266(2):291-9.

Somatostatin-like immunoreactive material in the rabbit retina: immunohistochemical staining using monoclonal antibodies.

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1
Neurology Service, VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121.

Abstract

Two mouse monoclonal antibodies to somatostatin-14 were used with avidin-biotin-peroxidase immunohistochemical technique to examine the rabbit retina. In agreement with a previous study using a polyclonal anti-serum, a sparse population (about 1,000 per retina) of neurons in the ganglion cell layer are immunoreactive for somatostatin; the vast majority of these cells are inferior to the myelinated fiber bundle. In addition, the monoclonal antibodies disclose a second neuronal population that forms a circumferential band of immunoreactive neurons around the extreme periphery of the retina. The cells in the body of the inferior retina have dendrites that ramify in the inner plexiform layer. Both the circumferential band of cells and the cells in the body of the inferior retina give off axonlike processes that run in the inner plexiform layer and do not enter the optic nerve. These long, straight varicose fibers form a meshwork that covers the entire retina. The superior retina, which contains only rare immunoreactive cell bodies, has a plexus of stained fibers comparable to that of the inferior retina. The circumferential band of cells is relatively resistant to the neurotoxin kainic acid, explaining a previously reported observation that this toxin depletes only about 50% of the content of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity from the rabbit retina. Moreover, the somatostatin immunoreactive neurons are not labeled by the intraocular injection of the fluorescent dye DAPI, which labels the cholinergic displaced amacrine cells of the rabbit retina. These observations imply that somatostatin-like immunoreactivity is localized to two populations of associational ganglion cells, neurons with cell bodies in the ganglion cell layer, the axons of which remain within the retina.

PMID:
2893815
DOI:
10.1002/cne.902660212
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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