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J Autism Dev Disord. 2017 Sep 21. doi: 10.1007/s10803-017-3306-y. [Epub ahead of print]

The Therapeutic Relationship as Predictor of Change in Music Therapy with Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Author information

1
GAMUT-The Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre, Uni Research Health, Uni Research, Postbox 7805, 5020, Bergen, Norway. karin.moessler@uni.no.
2
GAMUT-The Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre, Uni Research Health, Uni Research, Postbox 7805, 5020, Bergen, Norway.
3
Centre for Clinical Research, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
4
Berlin University of the Arts, Berlin, Germany.
5
Caritas, St. Elisabeth-Haus Lichtenrade, Berlin, Germany.
6
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
7
GAMUT-The Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre, Department of Music, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Abstract

This study examined whether the therapeutic relationship in music therapy with children with Autism Spectrum Disorder predicts generalized changes in social skills. Participants (4-7 years, N = 48) were assessed at baseline, 5 and 12 months. The therapeutic relationship, as observed from session videos, and the generalized change in social skills, as judged by independent blinded assessors and parents, were evaluated using standardized tools (Assessment of the Quality of Relationship; ADOS; SRS). Linear mixed effect models showed significant interaction effects between the therapeutic relationship and several outcomes at 5 and 12 months. We found the music therapeutic relationship to be an important predictor of the development of social skills, as well as communication and language specifically.

KEYWORDS:

Affect; Attunement; Early childhood; Improvisational music therapy; Infant research; Outcome predictor

PMID:
28936692
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-017-3306-y

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