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Sci Rep. 2017 Sep 21;7(1):12042. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-12094-z.

Secular trends in overweight and obesity among urban children and adolescents, 2003-2012: A serial cross-sectional study in Guangzhou, China.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, 510310, China.
2
Guangzhou Health Care Promotion Center for Primary and Middle Schools, Guangzhou, 510180, China.
3
Guangzhou Health Care Promotion Center for Primary and Middle Schools, Guangzhou, 510180, China. 360449586@qq.com.
4
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, 510310, China. yangyigz@163.com.

Abstract

Childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity are increasing in China, but limited information is available on its secular trends in Guangzhou. In this cross-sectional study, ten-wave successive data were obtained from the physical fitness surveillance for students in Guangzhou from 2003 to 2012. A total of 2,619,154 urban students aged 7-18 years were included. The age-standardized prevalence of overweight and obesity increased significantly over the period: overweight rose from 10.15% to 14.07% in boys and 6.39% to 8.11% in girls, while obesity increased from 5.65% to 8.31% for boys and 3.43% to 4.12% for girls, respectively (P < 0.05). The increasing trend was significant across almost all age-sex-specific groups (P < 0.05), especially in the last five years. The prevalence of overweight and obesity grew continuously in both sexes, but the pace of change for boys were faster than that for girls. The highest prevalence of overweight was found among 10- to 12-year-old boys, that of obesity among 7- to 9-year-old boys and girls. In conclusion, overweight and obesity have increased significantly among urban children and adolescents in Guangzhou during 2003-2012. Further analysis of influencing factors and comprehensive interventions are urgently needed to combat the obesity epidemic among urban children and adolescents in Guangzhou.

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