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Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Autumn;29(3):265-272. doi: 10.1053/j.semtcvs.2017.08.003. Epub 2017 Aug 18.

Aortic Valve Replacement: Are We Spoiled for Choice?

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Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address:
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK.


Management of aortic valve disease and, in particular, aortic valve stenosis has evolved through the course of time from medical management and balloon valvuloplasty to the presumed gold-standard surgical intervention. However, with the advent of surgical innovation, intra- and postoperative patients monitoring, understanding of hemodynamic dysfunction, and choices of prosthesis, conventional surgical aortic valve replacements are currently being challenged in particular in moderate- and high-risk patients. Although the long-term results and survival are not robustly available, the durability of the new prosthesis, repair, and the freedom from reoperation remain debatable. In this review, we aim to highlight the surgical innovation attained, choices of aortic valve prosthesis, and also dwell on the current evidence, practice, and trend steered to managing patients with aortic valve stenosis.


TAVR; aortic valve; minimal invasive; sutureless; valvular heart disease

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