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Int J Cardiol. 2017 Sep 14. pii: S0167-5273(17)33656-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.09.031. [Epub ahead of print]

Insulin resistance, serum uric acid and metabolic syndrome are linked to cardiovascular dysfunction in pediatric obesity.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatrics, Department of Health Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.
2
Vascular Surgery, Maggiore della Carità University Hospital, Novara, Italy.
3
Interventional Cardiology, Santi Antonio, Biagio e Cesare Arrigo Hospital, Alessandria, Italy.
4
Division of Pediatrics, Department of Health Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy. Electronic address: alice.monzani@med.uniupo.it.
5
Laboratory of Physiology, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.
6
Structural Interventional Cardiology Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Childhood obesity is associated with cardiovascular abnormalities but little is known on the potential correlation between early cardiovascular and metabolic alterations.

AIM:

Aims of this study were 1) to evaluate early cardiovascular abnormalities in a large population of obese children and adolescents compared with a normal weight counterpart, 2) to investigate their potential association with insulin resistance (IR), serum uric acid (sUA) and metabolic syndrome (MetS).

METHODS:

This was a single-center case-control study. Eighty obese (OB) subjects (6-16years) and 20 normal weight (NW) matched controls were consecutively recruited. In the whole population we performed an anthropometric and a cardiovascular assessment. OB patients also underwent an OGTT and biochemical evaluations.

RESULTS:

OB children showed greater left atrial (LA) and ventricular (LV) dimensions and mass and higher carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT), compared with NW controls. The BMI z-score, waist circumference, IR and sUA were positively related with LA and LV dimensions and mass. OB subjects with MetS (46.3%) showed greater LA diameter (p=0.001) and LV area (p=0.01) and volume (p=0.04) compared with OB children without MetS. LA diameter and LV dimensions and mass were significantly dependent on the number of criteria for MetS. Mets, sUA and IR were significant predictors of left heart dimensions and mass in obese children.

CONCLUSIONS:

Obesity and MetS are associated with abnormal cardiovascular response during childhood. Hyperuricemia can be an early marker of cardiovascular dysfunction and the routine determination of circulating levels of sUA should be implemented during risk stratification among pediatric age.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular dysfunction; Insulin resistance; Metabolic syndrome; Pediatric obesity; Serum uric acid

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