Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nutrition. 2017 Nov - Dec;43-44:83-88. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2017.06.008. Epub 2017 Jul 8.

Mediterranean diet and colorectal cancer: A systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Surgical, Medical and Dental Department of Morphological Sciences related to Transplant, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. Electronic address: alberto.farinetti@unimore.it.
2
National Institute for Cardiovascular Research, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
3
Department of Surgical, Medical and Dental Department of Morphological Sciences related to Transplant, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
4
Department of Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico di Modena, Modena, Italy.

Abstract

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, especially in developed countries where an estimated 60% of all cases occur. There is evidence of a higher risk for CRC in Western society, where people tend to eat more red and processed meat than those living along the Mediterranean coast, who have a decreased overall cancer mortality, which is correlated to their eating habits, such as Mediterranean diet. The aim of this review was to evaluate the correlation between three components of the Mediterranean diet (olive oil, red wine, and tomatoes) and incidence and progression of colorectal cancer. As such, we conducted a literature search using keywords "colorectal cancer," "dietary pattern," "Mediterranean diet," "olive oil," "protective effects," "resveratrol," and "lycopene." Olive oil polyphenols, red wine resveratrol, and tomato lycopene showed several characteristics in vitro that interfere with molecular cancer pathways. At the same time, many clinical studies have reported an association of these components with a reduction in cancer initiation and progression. More clinical studies are needed to identify the precise dose and administration of single agents or their combination to produce a coadjutant treatment to those already applied in chemoprevention and oncologic treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Colorectal cancer; Lycopene; Mediterranean diet; Polyphenols; Resveratrol

PMID:
28935150
DOI:
10.1016/j.nut.2017.06.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center