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Climacteric. 2017 Dec;20(6):518-521. doi: 10.1080/13697137.2017.1373335. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Foot problems in older women.

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a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Witwatersrand , Parktown, Johannesburg , South Africa.


Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot. Inappropriate footwear has an unfortunate role in the etiology of these problems and may also play a prominent role in slips, trips and falls, which may result in fractures of the lower or upper limbs. Simple interventions and wearing of appropriate shoes can play an important role in improving foot health and minimizing falls in older women. This review provides a brief overview of foot problems in older women and their sequelae.


Older women; anatomical; falls; feet; footwear; injuries; pain; pathologic problems of feet; physiologic; proposed interventions

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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