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Adv Neurobiol. 2017;19:213-236. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-63260-5_9.

Central Modulation of Energy Homeostasis and Cognitive Performance After Bariatric Surgery.

Author information

1
Institute of Physiology, Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Life Sciences-IBILI, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. h.c.a.e@sapo.pt.
2
Obesity Center, Hospital da Luz de Setúbal, Setúbal, Portugal. h.c.a.e@sapo.pt.

Abstract

In moderately or morbidly obese patients, bariatric surgery has been proven to be an effective therapeutic approach to control body weight and comorbidities. Surgery-mediated modulation of brain function via modified postoperative secretion of gut peptides and vagal nerve stimulation was identified as an underlying mechanism in weight loss and improvement of weight-related diseases. Increased basal and postprandial plasma levels of gastrointestinal hormones like glucagon-like peptide 1 and peptide YY that act on specific areas of the hypothalamus to reduce food intake, either directly or mediated by the vagus nerve, are observed after surgery while suppression of meal-induced ghrelin release is increased. Hormones released from the adipose tissue like leptin and adiponectin are also affected and leptin plasma levels are reduced in treated patients. Besides homeostatic control of body weight, surgery also changes hedonistic behavior in regard to food intake and cognitive performance involving the limbic system and prefrontal areas.

KEYWORDS:

Bariatric surgery; Brain function; Cognitive performance; Energy homeostasis; Hedonic behavior

PMID:
28933067
DOI:
10.1007/978-3-319-63260-5_9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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