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J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Sep;29(9):1689-1694. doi: 10.1589/jpts.29.1689. Epub 2017 Sep 15.

The effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions for sacroiliac joint dysfunction: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University: PO Box 715, Postal Code 21421, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
2
Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt.
3
Physiotherapy Department, King Faisal Hospital, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

[Purpose] The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the treatment of sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD). [Subjects and Methods] MEDLINE, PUBMED, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, and CIRRIE databases were searched and only relevant data from studies that matched the inclusion criteria were included. CASP tools for critical appraisal were used to assess the quality of studies included. [Results] Nine articles met the inclusion criteria, of which, three examined the effect of exercise on SIJD, three used kinesio tape and four studies examined the effect of manipulation. Various outcomes were used including the visual analogue pain scale (VAS), Oswestry disability questionnaire (ODQ), numerical pain rating scale (NPRS) and pelvic position measurement (PALM, pelvimeter and photogrammetry). The quality of included studies ranged from low to average as the CASP tools revealed several limitations that affect the validity of the studies. The results showed that physiotherapy interventions are effective in reducing pain and disability associated with SIJD, with manipulation being the most effective approach and most commonly used within physical therapy clinics. [Conclusion] Manipulation, exercise and kinesio tape are effective in the treatment of pain, disability and pelvic asymmetry in SIJD.

KEYWORDS:

Physiotherapy; Sacroiliac joint dysfunction; Systematic review

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