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Pancreas. 2017 Nov/Dec;46(10):1366-1372. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0000000000000922.

Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: Computed Tomography Enhancement, But Not Histological Grade, Correlates With Tumor Aggression.

Author information

1
From the *Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, †Department of Pathology and Immunology, and ‡Division of Biostatistics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aims of this study were to assess computed tomography enhancement of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), determine correlation with histological vascularity and fibrosis, and identify a biomarker for tumor aggression.

METHODS:

The arterial and venous enhancement of NET was calculated on computed tomography for 56 patients. Tumor size and vascularity/fibrosis were assessed. Tumor aggression was grouped by World Health Organization and Hochwald grade and the presence of metastases. Variables were assessed for correlation. Groups were compared using t test/Wilcoxon rank sum test.

RESULTS:

Arterial enhancement and dynamic washout (r = 0.35, P = 0.02; r = 0.34, P = 0.02, respectively) correlate with vascularity. There is inverse correlation between vascularity and fibrosis (r = -0.62, P < 0.001), but no correlation between enhancement and fibrosis. Metastatic NET had less arterial (mean, -2 [standard deviationi {SD}, 27.1] Hounsfield unit [HU]; 35.7 [SD, 57.5] HU; P = 0.01) and venous (12.6 [SD, 14.4] HU; 29.2 [SD, 38.3] HU; P = 0.04) enhancement and less washout (8.5 [SD, 18.5] HU; 26.8 [SD, 30] HU, P = 0.02) compared with nonmetastatic NET. These differences were not present when comparing by tumor grade. Arterial hypoenhancement was the only significant predictor of metastases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Aggressive tumors, as determined by metastases, but not histological grade, enhance less than nonmetastatic tumors.

PMID:
28930867
DOI:
10.1097/MPA.0000000000000922
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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