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Medicines (Basel). 2017 May 25;4(2). pii: E34. doi: 10.3390/medicines4020034.

Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant, Antibiotic, and Cytotoxic Activities of Tanacetum vulgare L. Essential Oil and Its Constituents.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Analyse et de Séparation des Essences Végétales, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 555 boulevard de l'Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada. Heloise.cote@uqac.ca.
2
Chaire de recherche sur les agents anticancéreux d'origine naturelle, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 555 boulevard de l'Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada. Heloise.cote@uqac.ca.
3
Laboratoire d'Analyse et de Séparation des Essences Végétales, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 555 boulevard de l'Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada. Marieanne.boucher@uqac.ca.
4
Chaire de recherche sur les agents anticancéreux d'origine naturelle, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 555 boulevard de l'Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada. Marieanne.boucher@uqac.ca.
5
Laboratoire d'Analyse et de Séparation des Essences Végétales, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 555 boulevard de l'Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada. Andre.Pichette@uqac.ca.
6
Chaire de recherche sur les agents anticancéreux d'origine naturelle, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 555 boulevard de l'Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada. Andre.Pichette@uqac.ca.
7
Laboratoire d'Analyse et de Séparation des Essences Végétales, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 555 boulevard de l'Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada. Jean.Legault@uqac.ca.
8
Chaire de recherche sur les agents anticancéreux d'origine naturelle, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 555 boulevard de l'Université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada. Jean.Legault@uqac.ca.

Abstract

Background:Tanacetum vulgare L. (Asteraceae) is a perennial herb that has been used to treat multiple ailments. Regional variability of the chemical composition of T. vulgare essential oils is well-known. Despite these regional chemotypes, most relevant studies did not analyze the complete chemical composition of the T. vulgare essential oil and its constituents in relation to their biological activities. Here, we assess the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and cytotoxic activities of T. vulgare collected from northern Quebec (Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean), Canada. Methods: Essential oil was extracted from plants by steam distillation and analyzed using GC-FID. Biological activities of essential oil and its main constituents were evaluated in vitro. Results: We identified the major compounds as camphor, borneol, and 1,8-cineole. The oil possesses anti-inflammatory activity inhibiting NO production. It also inhibits intracellular DCFH oxidation induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide. Anti-inflammatory activity of essential oil appears driven mainly by α-humulene while antioxidant activity is provided by α-pinene and caryophyllene oxide. Essential oil from T vulgare was active against both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus with camphor and caryophyllene oxide responsible for antibacterial activity. Finally, T. vulgare essential oil was slightly cytotoxic against the human healthy cell line WS1 while α-humulene and caryophyllene oxide were moderately cytotoxic against A-549, DLD-1, and WS1. Conclusion: We report, for the first time, links between the specific compounds found in T. vulgare essential oil and anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and cytotoxic activities. T. vulgare essential oil possesses interesting biological properties.

KEYWORDS:

GC; Tanacetum vulgare; anti-inflammation; antibacterial; antioxidant; cytotoxicity; essential oil

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