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Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2017 Sep 19;17(11):84. doi: 10.1007/s11910-017-0791-5.

TBI Rehabilomics Research: an Exemplar of a Biomarker-Based Approach to Precision Care for Populations with Disability.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh, 3471 Fifth Avenue Suite 202, Kaufman Building, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA. wagnerak@upmc.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

The purpose of this review is to summarize how "-omics" technologies can inform rehabilitation-relevant outcomes for a range of populations with neurologically related disability by including outcome metrics linked to the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO-ICF) domains of impairments in body function, activity limitations, and participation restrictions.

RECENT FINDINGS:

To date, nearly every area of medicine uses biomarkers in some capacity to aid in understanding how personal biology informs clinical care. "-Omics"-based approaches use high throughput genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics assay platforms to tailor and personalize treatments for subgroups of similar individuals based on these results. The recent Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI), sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has propelled biomarker-based and genomics research to the forefront of many translational research and care programs addressing a variety of medical populations. Yet, the literature is sparse on precision medicine approaches for those with neurologically related and other disability. We demonstrate how the Rehabilomics Research model represents a translational framework for programs of precision rehabilitation research and care focused on linking personal biology to the biopsychosocial constructs that represent the WHO-ICF model and multidimensional outcome. We provide multiple exemplars from our own research program involving individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) to demonstrate how genomics and other biomarkers can be identified and assessed for their capacity to assist with personalized (precision) neurorehabilitation care and management.

KEYWORDS:

Disability; Function; Precision medicine; Rehabilomics; Traumatic brain injury; World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (WHO-ICF)

PMID:
28929311
DOI:
10.1007/s11910-017-0791-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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