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Sci Rep. 2017 Sep 19;7(1):11861. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-12067-2.

Hemoglobin enhances miRNA-144 expression and autophagic activation mediated inflammation of microglia via mTOR pathway.

Author information

1
Department of rehabilitation medicine, Yongchuan Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 402160, China.
2
Department of Neurology, Yongchuan Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 402160, China.
3
Department of Neurology, Yongchuan Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 402160, China. yangzhao5140@sohu.com.

Abstract

Intracerebral hemorrhage promotes autophagic activation of microglia and enhances neuroinflammation. MiRNAs are key factors to autophagy, contributed to negatively and posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression and function. However, the specific miRNAs involved in the intracerebral hemorrhage mediated microglia autophagic activation are unidentified. In this experiment, microglia was treated with hemoglobin. And then, miRNA-144 expression, autophagic activation and inflammation of microglia were detected. In addition, the mTOR target of miRNA-144 and its regulation were identified. Our data demonstrated that hemoglobin promoted miRNA-144 expression and autophagic activation mediated inflammation. Additionally, miRNA-144 targeted mTOR by directly interacting with the 3' untranslated regions (UTRs), mutations of the binding sites abolish the miRNA-144 responsiveness. Overexpression of mTOR decreased autophagic activation and inflammation of microglia. Therefore, our results suggested that miRNA-144 contributed to hemoglobin mediated autophagic activation and inflammation of microglia via mTOR pathway. And miRNA based treatment provided novel therapeutical strategy for intracerebral hemorrhage.

PMID:
28928406
PMCID:
PMC5605685
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-017-12067-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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