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Br J Ophthalmol. 2018 Jul;102(7):878-881. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-310745. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Impact of type I Boston keratoprosthesis implantation on vision-related quality of life.

Ang M1,2,3,4, Man R3, Fenwick E2,3, Lamoureux E2,3, Wilkins M4,5.

Author information

1
Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore.
2
Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.
3
Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore.
4
Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK.
5
Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London, UK.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the impact of type I Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation on vision-related quality of life (VRQoL).

METHODS:

Prospective study in 33 patients (mean age 56±12 years, 67% male) with bilateral corneal blindness, who underwent a KPro implantation at a single tertiary eye hospital (June 2011-July 2015). VRQoL was evaluated using the Impact of Vision Impairment Questionnaire (IVI) at baseline and at 3-6 months postsurgery, after stabilisation of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Rasch analysis was used to transform the IVI responses into interval-level measures comprising the 'reading', 'mobility' and 'emotional' subscales with effect sizes calculated for pre-post VRQoL scores.

RESULTS:

Mean preoperative BCVA was counting-fingers at 2 feet in the operated eye (20/240 fellow eye). Preoperative VRQoL scores: -2.27, -2.91 and -3.06 logits for the reading, mobility and emotional subscales, respectively. Device retention rate was 90% over the follow-up period (mean 26±12 months). We observed large gains for reading and mobility of 1.92 logits (effect size 0.88), and 2.64 logits (effect size 0.89) respectively, with a moderate gain in the emotional subscale of 2.11 logits (effect size 0.59). These improvements did not vary significantly with BCVA on multivariate analysis (all p>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

We observed a differential short-term improvement to VRQoL after KPro implantation with a significant impact on emotional well-being, which may not be fully explained by visual improvement alone. Further studies are required to confirm if these improvements in VRQoL are sustained in the long-term and are generalisable to other populations.

KEYWORDS:

Cornea; Prosthesis; Treatment Surgery

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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