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Int J Psychophysiol. 2018 Oct;132(Pt A):9-13. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2017.09.010. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Sex differences in sport-related concussion long-term outcomes.

Author information

1
Michigan State University, Department of Kinesiology, 308 W Circle Drive, East Lansing, MI 48824, United States. Electronic address: covassin@msu.edu.
2
Michigan State University, Department of Kinesiology, 308 W Circle Drive, East Lansing, MI 48824, United States.
3
Grand Valley State University, United States.

Abstract

Approximately 1.6 to 3.8 million recreational and sports-related concussions (SRC) occur each year in the Unites States. Research suggest that female athletes are at a greater risk for a SRC compared to male athletes competing in comparable sports (i.e., soccer, basketball). Moreover, female athletes have reported more total symptoms and greater neurocognitive impairments following a SRC. Female athletes have been found to report greater symptom provocation as measured by the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS), and increased brain activation compared to males. There is a scarcity of research on long-term effects of SRC in male and female athletes. Therefore, the aim of this review article is to summarize the existing literature on sex differences in acute and sub-acute SRC outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Electrophysiology; Neurocognitive; Sex differences; Symptoms

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