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Res Gerontol Nurs. 2017 Sep 1;10(5):234-239. doi: 10.3928/19404921-20170621-04.

Development of an Oral Assessment Sheet for Evaluating Older Adults in Nursing Homes.


A new general use oral assessment sheet (OAS), comprising three items each in three categories (i.e., oral hygiene, biting and chewing, and oral function), was developed to improve the oral health of older adults requiring nursing care. Seventy-nine care workers used the assessment sheet to evaluate oral conditions in 188 institutionalized older adults. Forty-five care workers and three dental professionals then assessed oral conditions in 45 institutionalized older adults using the test-retest method before and after dental professional guidance. Cronbach's alpha of the OAS was 0.72, and 0.65, 0.57, and 0.82 for the three subcategories of oral hygiene, biting and chewing, and oral function, respectively. After dental professional intervention, absolute and relative agreement coefficients increased to more than 0.6 and 0.89, respectively. Reliability and validity of the OAS were verified, and difficulties in oral assessment experienced by care workers were identified. [Res Gerontol Nurs. 2017; 10(5):234-239.].

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