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Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2018 Feb;12(1):94-100. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2017.42. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Prehospital Response Time Delays for Emergency Patients in Events of Concurrent Mass Casualty Incidents.

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1Laboratory of Emergency Medical Services,Seoul National University Hospital Biomedical Research Institute,Seoul,Korea.
2Department of Emergency Medicine,Inje University College of Medicine and Seoul Paik Hospital,Seoul,Korea.
3Department of Emergency Medicine,Seoul National University College of Medicine,Seoul,Korea.
4Department of Emergency Medicine,Hallym University College of Medicine and Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital,Hwaseong,Gyeonggi,Korea.



We investigated the extent of delays in the response time of emergency medical services (EMS) as an impact of mass casualty incidences (MCIs) in the same area.


We defined an MCI case as an event that resulted in 6 or more patients being transported by EMS, and prehospital response time as the time from the call to arrival at the scene. We matched patients before and after MCIs by dividing them into categories of 3 hours before, 0-1 hour after, 1-2 hours after, and 2-3 hours after the MCIs. We compared prehospital response times using multiple linear regression.


A total of 33,276 EMS-treated patients were matched. The prehospital response time for the category of 3 hours before the MCIs was 8.8 minutes (SD: 8.2), treated as the reference, whereas that for the category of 0-1 hour after the MCI was 11.3 minutes (P<0.01). The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that prehospital response time increased by 2.5 minutes (95% CI: 2.3-2.8) during the first hour and by 0.3 minutes (95% CI: 0.1-0.6) during the second hour after MCIs.


There were significant delays in the prehospital response time for emergency patients after MCIs, and it lasted for 2 hours as the spillover effect. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2018;12:94-100).


delay; mass casualty incident; out-of-hospital cardiac arrest; prehospital response time

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