Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Biotechnol. 2017 Oct;35(10):969-976. doi: 10.1038/nbt.3943. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments.

Author information

1
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Hyderabad, Telangana State, India.
2
BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China.
3
Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), Montpellier, France.
4
University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.
5
Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben, Germany.
6
Fort Valley State University, Fort Valley, Georgia, USA.
7
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
8
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
9
Junagadh Agricultural University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India.
10
United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Tifton, Georgia, USA.
11
Department of Ecogenomics and Systems Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
12
Amity University, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
13
Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA), Dakar, Senegal.
14
University of Georgia, Tifton, Georgia, USA.
15
School of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, D.Y. Patil University, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
16
University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA.
17
Phoenix Bioinformatics, Redwood City, California, USA.
18
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)-Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI), Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
19
Laboratoire Mixte International Adaptation des Plantes et Microorganismes Associés aux Stress Environnementaux, Centre de Recherche de Bel Air, Dakar, Senegal.
20
ICRISAT Sahelian Center, Niamey, Niger.
21
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University Abdou Moumouni, Niamey, Niger.
22
University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
23
Laboratoire de biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, Université Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France.
24
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA.
25
Institut des Mondes Africains (IMAf), Paris, France.
26
CNR-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Biologia e Biotecnologia Agraria, Milan, Italy.
27
Pioneer Hi-Bred Private Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India.
28
Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Ceredigion, UK.
29
Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India.
30
USDA-ARS, Ithaca, New York, USA.
31
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, India.
32
Vienna Metabolomics Center (VIME), University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
33
BGI-Qingdao, Qingdao, China.
34
China National GeneBank (CNGB), Shenzen, China.

Abstract

Pearl millet [Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone] is a staple food for more than 90 million farmers in arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa, India and South Asia. We report the ∼1.79 Gb draft whole genome sequence of reference genotype Tift 23D2B1-P1-P5, which contains an estimated 38,579 genes. We highlight the substantial enrichment for wax biosynthesis genes, which may contribute to heat and drought tolerance in this crop. We resequenced and analyzed 994 pearl millet lines, enabling insights into population structure, genetic diversity and domestication. We use these resequencing data to establish marker trait associations for genomic selection, to define heterotic pools, and to predict hybrid performance. We believe that these resources should empower researchers and breeders to improve this important staple crop.

Comment in

PMID:
28922347
DOI:
10.1038/nbt.3943
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for University of Western Australia Profiles and Research Repository
Loading ...
Support Center