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Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2018 Mar;23(2):e12492. doi: 10.1111/anec.12492. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Myocardial bridging is associated with exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmia and increases in QT dispersion.

Author information

1
The Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
2
Cardiovascular Division, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A myocardial bridge (MB) has been associated with ventricular arrhythmia and sudden death during exercise. QT dispersion (QTd) is a measure of abnormal repolarization and may predict ventricular arrhythmia. We investigated the frequency of ventricular arrhythmias during exercise and the QTd at rest and after exercise, in patients with an MB compared to a normal cohort.

METHODS:

We studied the rest and stress ECG tracings of patients with an MB suspected by focal septal buckling on exercise echocardiography (EE) (Echo-MB group, N = 510), those with an MB confirmed by another examination (MB group, N = 110), and healthy controls (Control group, N = 198).

RESULTS:

The frequency of exercise-induced premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) was significantly higher in the Echo-MB and MB groups compared with the Control group (both p < .001). In all, 25 patients (4.9%) in the Echo-MB group, seven patients (6.4%) in the MB group and no patients in the Control group had exercise-induced non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT). There was no difference in the baseline QTd between the groups. In the Echo-MB and MB groups, QTd postexercise increased significantly when compared with baseline (both p < .001). Patients with NSVT had a higher frequency of male gender and an even greater increase in QTd with exercise compared with the non-NSVT group.

DISCUSSION:

There is an increased frequency of exercise-induced PVCs and NSVT in patients with MBs. Exercise significantly increases QTd in MB patients, with an even greater increase in QTd in MB patients with NSVT. Exercise in MB patients results in ventricular arrhythmias and abnormalities in repolarization.

KEYWORDS:

QT dispersion; myocardial bridging; ventricular arrhythmia

PMID:
28921787
DOI:
10.1111/anec.12492
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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