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Int Urogynecol J. 2018 Jan;29(1):13-21. doi: 10.1007/s00192-017-3475-4. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Risk factors for prolapse recurrence: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Sydney Medical School Nepean, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. taliafried.md@gmail.com.
2
Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. taliafried.md@gmail.com.
3
The Whiteley-Martin Research Centre, Discipline of Surgery, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
4
Sydney Medical School Nepean, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS:

Female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common condition, with a lifetime risk for surgery of 10-20%. Prolapse procedures are known to have a high reoperation rate. It is assumed that etiological factors for POP may also be risk factors for POP recurrence after surgery. There are few reviews available evaluating risk factors for prolapse and recurrence or recently updated meta-analysis on this topic. Our aim was to perform a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis to determine risk factors for prolapse recurrence after reconstructive surgery.

METHODS:

Four electronic databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar) were searched between 1995 and 1 January 2017, with no language restrictions.

RESULTS:

Twenty-five studies met inclusion criteria for a total of 5082 patients with an average recurrence rate of 36%. Variables on which a meta-analysis could be performed were body mass index (BMI) (n = 12), age (n = 11), preoperative stage (n = 9), levator avulsion (n = 8), parity (n = 8), constipation/straining (n = 6), number of compartments involved (n = 4), prior hysterectomy (n = 4), familiy history (n = 3), and several other predictors evaluated in only three studies. The following meta- analyses identified significant predictors: levator avulsion [odds ratio (OR) 2.76, P < 0.01], preoperative stage 3-4 (OR 2.11, P < 0.001), family history (OR 1.84, P = 0.006), and hiatal area (OR 1.06/cm2, P = 0.003).

CONCLUSIONS:

Levator avulsion, prolapse stage, and family history are significant risk factors for prolapse recurrence.

KEYWORDS:

Avulsion; Meta-analysis; Pelvic organ prolapse; Recurrence; Risk factors; Surgery

PMID:
28921033
DOI:
10.1007/s00192-017-3475-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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