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Mol Pharm. 2017 Dec 4;14(12):4252-4261. doi: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00279. Epub 2017 Oct 5.

Regional Intestinal Permeability in Rats: A Comparison of Methods.

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Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University , Box 580, 751 23 Uppsala, Sweden.
Pharmaceutical Technology and Development, AstraZeneca R&D , 431 83 Gothenburg, Sweden.


Currently, the screening of new drug candidates for intestinal permeation is typically based on in vitro models which give no information regarding regional differences along the gut. When evaluation of intestinal permeability by region is undertaken, two preclinical rat models are commonly used, the Ussing chamber method and single-pass intestinal perfusion (SPIP). To investigate the robustness of in vivo predictions of human intestinal permeability, a set of four model compounds was systematically investigated in both these models, using tissue specimens and segments from the jejunum, ileum, and colon of rats from the same genetic strain. The influence of luminal pH was also determined at two pH levels. Ketoprofen had high and enalaprilat had low effective (Peff) and apparent (Papp) permeability in all three regions and at both pH levels. Metoprolol had high Peff in all regions and at both pHs and high Papp at both pHs and in all regions except the jejunum, where Papp was low. Atenolol had low Peff in all regions and at both pHs, but had high Papp at pH 6.5 and low Papp at pH 7.4. There were good correlations between these rat in situ Peff (SPIP) and human in vivo Peff determined previously for the same compounds by both intestinal perfusion of the jejunum and regional intestinal dosing. The results of this study indicate that both investigated models are suitable for determining the regional permeability of the intestine; however, the SPIP model seems to be the more robust and accurate regional permeability model.


Ussing chamber method; colon; ileum; intestinal permeability; jejunum; rat; single-pass intestinal perfusion

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