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Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Nov - Dec;84(6):708-712. doi: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2017.08.007. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

Validation of a Portuguese version of the health-related quality of life measure for active chronic otitis media (COMQ-12).

Author information

1
Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: anna.fonseca@hc.fm.usp.br.
2
Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clínicas, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
3
Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
4
Norfolk & Norwich University Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Norwich, United Kingdom.
5
Ipswich Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ipswich, United Kingdom.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Measuring the impact on quality of life, especially after the beginning of the treatment, is becoming increasingly important in healthcare.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to translate the Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire-12 (COMQ-12) into Portuguese language and validate this version in a group of patients with chronic otitis media.

METHODS:

The Portuguese version of COMQ-12 was obtained by translation and back translation. Portuguese speaking patients with a history of active chronic otitis media were asked to complete the COMQ-12 Portuguese version. Cronbach's α coefficient was calculated for an estimation of the internal consistency of the questionnaire.

RESULTS:

A total of 100 patients were included in the study; 49 women and 51 men, with a mean age of 39 years (range 12-77 years, median 40 years). The average COMQ-12 score was 29, out of a maximum score of 60. Cronbach's α result for the Portuguese version of the COMQ-12 was 0.85, indicating a high internal consistency. The participants presented with different forms of chronic otitis media, and almost all domains of the COMQ-12 questionnaire were able to differentiate between patients with healed chronic otitis media and patients with cholesteatoma or wet tympanic membrane perforation. Showing that patients with healed chronic otitis media have a better quality of life, measured by the COMQ-12, is a first step to guarantee the questionnaire's validity. The next step will consist on routinely using the questionnaire in patients undergoing surgery for chronic otitis media in order to evaluate their quality of life after treatment.

CONCLUSION:

The COMQ-12 Portuguese version showed high reliability, and may be used as an assessment of quality of life in patients with chronic otitis media.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic suppurative otitis media; Otite média supurativa crônica; Otologia; Otology; Patient-reported outcome; Qualidade de vida; Quality of life; Questionnaire; Questionário; Resultado relatado pelo paciente

PMID:
28918976
DOI:
10.1016/j.bjorl.2017.08.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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