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Diabetes Ther. 2017 Oct;8(5):1087-1096. doi: 10.1007/s13300-017-0307-y. Epub 2017 Sep 16.

Systemic Effects of Repeated Intraocular Dexamethasone Intravitreal Implant in Diabetic Patients: A Retrospective Study.

Author information

1
Retina Service, Ophthalmology Department, Clínico San Carlos University Hospital, Madrid, Spain. alicia.valgreen@gmail.com.
2
Institut Català de Retina, Barcelona, Spain.
3
Hôpital Ophtalmique Jules-Gonin, Lausanne, Switzerland.
4
Ophthalmology Department, Castilla-La Mancha University, Albacete, Spain.
5
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.
6
Retina Service, Ophthalmology Department, Clínico San Carlos University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of repeated intraocular dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex) injections on metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients.

METHODS:

Retrospective study of 165 type 2 diabetic patients starting Ozurdex treatment who received no less than three consecutive injections. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), serum creatinine, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides (TGs) were evaluated during 15 months of follow-up after Ozurdex treatment onset.

RESULTS:

Fifty-seven patients met inclusion criteria. Mean baseline values for HbA1c, creatinine, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and TGs before treatment (7.1%, 1.3, 176.7, 51.1, and 125.6 mg/dl, respectively) were similar to mean values after Ozurdex onset (Wilcoxon test p values were 0.68, 0.41, 0.06, 0.87, and 0.33, respectively) and remained stable during the follow-up period. Mean LDL cholesterol levels increased slightly after Ozurdex treatment onset (90.1 vs 88.2 mg/dl, p = 0.04) but after 15 months of follow-up they had returned to baseline values. Transient increase in LDL cholesterol was remarkable in the group of 24 bilaterally treated patients (96.8 vs 88.4 mg/dl, p = 0.03). A third of these patients increased their baseline LDL values by more than 20%. Even with continuous injections of Ozurdex, LDL cholesterol levels also declined back to baseline by month 15.

CONCLUSION:

Ozurdex injections had no influence on HbA1c or renal function. Lipid profile changes were mild and transient. However, a significant temporary increase has been found in LDL cholesterol levels in patients receiving simultaneous bilateral injections. Lipid levels should be monitored in patients starting with bilateral Ozurdex injections especially in those with recent history of acute myocardial infarction.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetic macular edema; Glycated hemoglobin; Intravitreal injection; LDL cholesterol; Ozurdex; Safety

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