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J Hazard Mater. 2018 Jan 15;342:732-740. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.08.061. Epub 2017 Aug 26.

Distinguished Cr(VI) capture with rapid and superior capability using polydopamine microsphere: Behavior and mechanism.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, PR China; School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, PR China.
2
School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, PR China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, PR China.
4
Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PR China. Electronic address: chenxq@sari.ac.cn.
5
State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, PR China. Electronic address: Pengqiuming@gmail.com.

Abstract

Toxic heavy metal containing Cr(VI) species is a serious threat for ecological environment and human beings. In this work, a new mussel-inspired polydopamine microsphere (PDA-sphere) is prepared through in situ oxidative polymerization at air condition with controllable sizes. The adsorption of Cr(VI) ions onto PDA-sphere is highly pH dependent with the optimal pH ranging from 2.5 to 3.8. A rapid Cr(VI) removal can approach in 8min for equilibrium. More importantly, the prepared materials exhibit a remarkable sorption selectivity, coexisting SO42-, NO3- and Cl- ions at high levels; The applicability model further proves its effective performances with treated capacity of 42,000kg/kg sorbent, and the effluent can be reduced from 2000ppb to below 50ppb, which meets the drinking water criterions recommended by WHO. 1kg sorbent can also purify approximately 100t Cr(VI) contaminated wastewaters basing on the wastewater discharges of China. Such capacity for application ranks the top level for Cr(VI) removal. Additionally, the exhausted materials can be well regenerated by binary alkaline and salts mixtures. Such efficient adsorption can be ascribed to the well-dispersed morphology as well as the strong affinity between Cr(VI) and catechol or amine groups by XPS investigation. All the results suggest that polydopamine microspheres may be ideal materials for Cr(VI) treatment in waters.

KEYWORDS:

Adsorption; Cr(VI) removal; Polydopamine

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