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J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2017 Nov;26(11):2470-2476. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2017.08.019. Epub 2017 Sep 13.

Positive Effects of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Spasticity in Poststroke Patients: A Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
The Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Beijing.
2
Centre for Osteonecrosis and Joint-Preserving & Reconstruction, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Key Laboratory of Arthritic and Rheumatic Diseases, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China, Beijing, China.
3
Centre for Osteonecrosis and Joint-Preserving & Reconstruction, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Key Laboratory of Arthritic and Rheumatic Diseases, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China, Beijing, China. Electronic address: 18901267995@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Spasticity is a common and serious complication following a stroke, and many clinical research have been conducted to evaluate the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on muscle spasticity in poststroke patients. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect on decreasing spasticity caused by a stroke immediately and 4 weeks after the application of shock wave therapy.

METHODS:

We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases for relevant studies through November 2016 using the following item: (Hypertonia OR Spasticity) and (Shock Wave or ESWT) and (Stroke). The outcomes were evaluated by Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) grades and pooled by Stata 12.0 (Stata Corp, College Station, TX, USA).

RESULTS:

Six studies consisting of 9 groups were included in this meta-analysis. The MAS grades immediately after ESWT were significantly improved compared with the baseline values (standardized mean difference [SMD], -1.57; 95% confidence intervals [CIs], -2.20, -.94). Similarly, the MAS grades judged at 4 weeks after ESWT were also showed to be significantly lower than the baseline values (SMD, -1.93; 95% CIs, -2.71, -1.15).

CONCLUSIONS:

ESWT for the spasticity of patients after a stroke is effective, as measured by MAS grades. Moreover, no serious side effects were observed in any patients after shock wave therapy. Nevertheless, our current study with some limitations such as the limited sample size only provided limited quality of evidence; confirmation from a further systematic review or meta-analysis with large-scale, well-designed randomized control trials is required.

KEYWORDS:

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy; meta-analysis; muscle spasticity; stroke

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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