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Vet Parasitol. 2017 Sep 15;244:102-110. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2017.07.021. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Exploitation of chemical, herbal and nanoformulated acaricides to control the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus - A review.

Author information

1
Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Alagappa University, Science Campus 6th Floor, Karaikudi 630 003, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Alagappa University, Science Campus 6th Floor, Karaikudi 630 003, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address: vaseeharanb@gmail.com.
3
Disease Control, Prevention and Alternative Medicine Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Alagappa University, Science Campus 6th Floor, Karaikudi 630 004, Tamil Nadu, India.
4
R & D Wing, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, BIHER (Bharath University), Chromepet, Chennai 600044, Tamil Nadu, India.
5
Department of Biotechnology, Thiruvalluvar University, Serkkadu, Vellore, 632 115, Tamil Nadu, India.
6
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy.
7
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy; The Bio Robotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, 56025 Pontedera, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: benelli.giovanni@gmail.com.

Abstract

The tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is a key vector of bacterial and protozoan diseases causing heavy economic losses directly and indirectly in animal husbandry. In the past decades, the control of ticks faced some major issues, such as the rapid development of resistance in targeted vectors and non-target effects on human health and the environment, due to the employ of synthetic acaricides and repellents. Eco-friendly pesticides for treating and controlling animal parasites such as ticks were mainly from medicinal plants and thus they form the richest entity for manufacturing resources for drugs. Even though there are efforts made to discover reliable plant-based acaricides to control ectoparasites in animal husbandry, the effective control of R. (B.) microplus ticks still represent a major challenge in current veterinary entomology. Recently, a wide number of promising attempts have been conducted to use herbal preparations and green-fabricated nanoparticles for the control of R. (B.) microplus. The aim of this review is to critically summarize and discuss the use of herbal preparations used in ethno-veterinary as well as green-fabricated nanoparticles as novel acaricides for the control of the cattle tick R. (B.) microplus.

KEYWORDS:

Babesia; Ethno-veterinary; Ixodidae; Medicinal plant; Tick control

PMID:
28917299
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetpar.2017.07.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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