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Circ Heart Fail. 2017 Sep;10(9). pii: e004077. doi: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.117.004077.

Diastolic Pressure Difference to Classify Pulmonary Hypertension in the Assessment of Heart Transplant Candidates.

Author information

1
From the Institute of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada (S.P.W., S.M.); Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (S.P.W., Y.M., F.F., S.A., G.P., A.C.A., S.M.); and Advanced Heart Failure and Cardiac Transplant Service, Division of Cardiology, Fiona Stanley Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia (J.B.).
2
From the Institute of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada (S.P.W., S.M.); Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (S.P.W., Y.M., F.F., S.A., G.P., A.C.A., S.M.); and Advanced Heart Failure and Cardiac Transplant Service, Division of Cardiology, Fiona Stanley Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia (J.B.). susanna.mak@sinaihealthsystem.ca.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The diastolic pressure difference (DPD) is recommended to differentiate between isolated postcapillary and combined pre-/postcapillary pulmonary hypertension (Cpc-PH) in left heart disease (PH-LHD). However, in usual practice, negative DPD values are commonly calculated, potentially related to the use of mean pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP). We used the ECG to gate late-diastolic PAWP measurements. We examined the method's impact on calculated DPD, PH-LHD subclassification, hemodynamic profiles, and mortality.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We studied patients with advanced heart failure undergoing right heart catheterization to assess cardiac transplantation candidacy (N=141). Pressure tracings were analyzed offline over 8 to 10 beat intervals. Diastolic pulmonary artery pressure and mean PAWP were measured to calculate the DPD as per usual practice (diastolic pulmonary artery pressure-mean PAWP). Within the same intervals, PAWP was measured gated to the ECG QRS complex to calculate the QRS-gated DPD (diastolic pulmonary artery pressure-QRS-gated PAWP). Outcomes occurring within 1 year were collected retrospectively from chart review. Overall, 72 of 141 cases demonstrated PH-LHD. Within PH-LHD, the QRS-gated DPD yielded higher calculated DPD values (3 [-1 to 6] versus 0 [-4 to 3] mm Hg; P<0.01) and a greater proportion of Cpc-PH (24% versus 8%; P<0.01) versus the usual practice DPD. Cases reclassified as Cpc-PH based on QRS-gated DPD demonstrated higher pulmonary arterial pressures versus isolated postcapillary pulmonary hypertension (P<0.05). One-year mortality was similar between PH-LHD groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The DPD calculated in usual practice is underestimated in PH-LHD, which may classify Cpc-PH patients as isolated postcapillary pulmonary hypertension. The QRS-gated DPD reclassifies a subset of PH-LHD patients from isolated postcapillary pulmonary hypertension to Cpc-PH, which is characterized by an adverse hemodynamic profile.

KEYWORDS:

blood pressure; heart failure; hemodynamics; hypertension, pulmonary; transplants

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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