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J Affect Disord. 1987 Sep-Oct;13(2):169-81.

Benzodiazepines in panic disorder and agoraphobia.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa 33612.


Benzodiazepines, particularly alprazolam, are quickly becoming the drugs of first choice in the treatment of many cases of panic and agoraphobia. The reason for this choice is that these drugs are safer to use, quicker in onset of action, easier for the physician to prescribe and more pleasant for the patient to take than the alternatives. Although the treatment of panic disorder and agoraphobia has been best studied with the benzodiazepine alprazolam, it now appears likely that other benzodiazepines, for example diazepam, lorazepam and chlorazepam, may also be effective when correctly used. There is no reason at this point to believe that any of the benzodiazepines are unique in this regard. Future research will undoubtedly clarify this observation. In the meantime, it is hoped that some of the guidelines in this paper will help the practicing clinician in the management of his patient with this disabling and neglected disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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