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J Biol Chem. 1987 Nov 15;262(32):15790-5.

Structure of a human serum amyloid A gene and modulation of its expression in transfected L cells.

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  • 1Medical Research Council Clinical Research Centre, Harrow, Middlesex, United Kingdom.


The structure of a human serum amyloid A (SAA) genomic clone (SAAg9) has been analyzed and the nucleotide sequence of the coding regions is compared with that of the cDNA for apoSAA1. The leader and coding sequences of exons 2 and 3 are identical to SAA1. However, there are 10 nucleotide and 7 derived amino acid substitutions in exon 4. These changes are identical to the amino acid sequence of the amyloid protein associated with familial Mediterranean fever. In particular, the amino acid substitution (Thr to Phe) at residue 69 of SAA1 may have an important role in this type of hereditary amyloidosis. The genomic clone SAAg9 has been transfected into mouse L cells, and constitutive expression of human specific mRNA and protein were observed in stable transfected clones. The expression of both SAA mRNA and protein were increased by incubation of the transfected cells with purified human interleukin-1 (IL-1), both human and mouse recombinant IL-1, and recombinant human tumor necrosis factor alpha. The induction of SAA is pretranslational and is likely to be mediated by protein factor(s) since incubation with cycloheximide diminished IL-1-dependent increase in SAA mRNA.

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