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J Bacteriol. 1987 Dec;169(12):5610-4.

Cloning of genes that suppress an Escherichia coli K-12 alanine auxotroph when present in multicopy plasmids.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06268.


To facilitate molecular analyses of a previously uncharacterized gene involved in alanine synthesis, attempts were made to clone the wild-type allele of this gene, alaA, with a mini-Mu plasmid element used for in vivo cloning. Seventy-six independent Ala+ plasmids were isolated and characterized. Physiological, enzymological, and restriction endonuclease analyses indicated that three different genes, none of them alaA, were cloned. These genes were avtA+, which encodes the alanine-valine transaminase (transaminase C); tyrB+, which encodes the tyrosine-repressible transaminase (transaminase D); and a previously undescribed gene, called alaB, which encodes an alanine-glutamate transaminase.

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