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Pol Przegl Chir. 2017 Aug 31;89(4):33-40. doi: 10.5604/01.3001.0010.3909.

Coccygodynia - pathogenesis, diagnostics and therapy. Review of the writing.

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Centrum Terapii Manualnej, Sierosław, Tarnowo Podgórne, Polska.


Coccygodynia is a problem with a small percentage (1%) of the population suffering from musculoskeletal disorders. This pain is often associated with trauma, falling on the tailbone, long cycling, or by women after childbirth. The reason for the described problem can be the actual morphological changes. Idiopathic coccygodynia causes therapeutic difficulties to specialists of many fields. Unsatisfactory treatment, including coccygectomy tends to seek new solutions. They belong to them techniques exploited in the manual therapy which in their spectrum hold: direct techniques - per rectum as well as indirect techniques taking into account distant structures of the motor organ, remaining in dense interactions with the coccygeal part. Idiopathic coccygodynia is a result perhaps from exaggerated tension the muscle of the levator ani, coccygeus and gluteus maximus as well as from irritating soft tissue structures surrounding the coccyx: of sacrococcygeum, sacrospinale, and sacrotuberale ligament. Unfortunately we can't see them in objective examinations so as: the RTG, MR or TK, therefore constitute the both diagnostic and therapeutic problem. For describing the problem a writing of the object was used both from the field of the surgery and of manual therapy. Detailed and multifaceted knowledge about causes of the described problem allows more accurately to categorize the patient to the appropriate group and helps to select the best procedure of treatment.


causes; coccygodynia; manual therapy; tissue irritation; treatment

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