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Traffic. 2017 Dec;18(12):791-807. doi: 10.1111/tra.12527. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

MGRN1-mediated ubiquitination of α-tubulin regulates microtubule dynamics and intracellular transport.

Author information

1
Biophysics & Structural Genomics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, India.

Abstract

MGRN1-mediated ubiquitination of α-tubulin regulates microtubule stability and mitotic spindle positioning in mitotic cells. This study elucidates the effect of MGRN1-mediated ubiquitination of α-tubulin in interphase cells. Here, we show that MGRN1-mediated ubiquitination regulates dynamics of EB1-labeled plus ends of microtubules. Intracellular transport of mitochondria and endosomes are affected in cultured cells where functional MGRN1 is depleted. Defects in microtubule-dependent organellar transport are evident in cells where noncanonical K6-mediated ubiquitination of α-tubulin by MGRN1 is compromised. Loss of MGRN1 has been previously correlated with late-onset spongiform neurodegeneration. Mislocalised cytosolically exposed PrP (Ctm PrP) interacts with MGRN1 leading to its loss of function. Expression of Ctm PrP generating mutants of PrP[PrP(A117V) and PrP(KHII)] lead to decrease in MGRN1-mediated ubiquitination of α-tubulin and intracellular transport defects. Brain lysates from PrP(A117V) transgenic mice also indicate loss of tubulin polymerization as compared to non-transgenic controls. Depletion of MGRN1 activity may hamper physiologically important processes like mitochondrial movement in neuronal processes and intracellular transport of ligands through the endosomal pathway thereby contributing to the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration in certain types of prion diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Mahogunin RING Finger1; microtubule dynamics; organellar transport; spongiform neurodegeneration; ubiquitination; α-tubulin

PMID:
28902452
DOI:
10.1111/tra.12527
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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