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Med Sci Monit. 2017 Sep 13;23:4408-4414.

No Awakening in Supratentorial Intracerebral Hemorrhage Is Potentially Caused by Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy.

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Department of Neurology, Affiliated Shuyang People' Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China (mainland).
Department of Neurology, Affiliated Pingxiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Pingxiang, Jiangxi, China (mainland).
Department of Clinical Research, Affiliated Shuyang People' Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China (mainland).
Department of General Surgery, Affiliated Shuyang People's Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China (mainland).


BACKGROUND Acute supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) with secondary sepsis is increasing in frequency. We investigated whether no awakening (NA) after sICH with coma is potentially caused by sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE). MATERIAL AND METHODS A case-control study of 147 recruited sICH cases with NA and 198 sICH controls with subsequent awakening (SA) was performed at 2 centers in China. All patients underwent brain computed tomography (CT) scans on admission. The odds ratio (OR) of NA was calculated using logistic regression. RESULTS During the study period, 56.5% (83/147) of the patients with sICH with coma and NA had SAE, and 10% (20/198) with sICH with coma and SA had SAE; this difference between the 2 groups was significant (p<0.000). The sICH patients with coma and NA exhibited a longer median time from onset to coma (2.0 days vs. 0.5 days), more frequent confirmed infection (98.0% vs. 24.2%), and a higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (6.3±1.5 vs. 3.4±0.8). These patients also exhibited lower hematoma volume (28.0±18.8 vs. 38.3±24), a lower initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (19.5±6.6 vs. 30.3±6.8), more frequent brain midline shift (59.2% vs. 27.8%), more frequent diffuse cerebral swelling (64.6% vs. 16.0%), and higher 30-day mortality (54.4% vs. 0.0%) than the patients who did awaken. Logistic multivariable regression analyses revealed that only a higher SOFA score (OR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.079-1.767; p=0.010) and SAE (OR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.359-6.775; p=0.001) were associated with NA events in patients with sICH. CONCLUSIONS NA in sICH patients with coma is potentially caused by secondary SAE.

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