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Early Hum Dev. 2017 Nov;114:16-21. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2017.09.009. Epub 2017 Sep 9.

Risk factors for dental problems: Recommendations for oral health in infancy.

Author information

1
Jena University Hospital, Department of Preventive and Paediatric Dentistry, Bachstr. 18, Jena, Germany. Electronic address: Yvonne.Wagner@med.uni-jena.de.
2
Jena University Hospital, Department of Preventive and Paediatric Dentistry, Bachstr. 18, Jena, Germany. Electronic address: Roswitha.Heinrich-weltzien@med.uni-jena.de.

Abstract

Primary care providers, gynaecologists and paediatricians have to be aware of the importance of oral health in infancy and possible consequences for child's development, growth, health and quality of life. Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, developmental defects of the dental tissues and periodontal or orthodontic issues have a complex and interrelated aetiology with common, primarily behavioral based risk factors. A sugar-rich diet is the key risk factor with detrimental consequences for general and oral health, particularly in combination with an insufficient oral hygiene. Therefore, daily tooth brushing with fluoride toothpaste and reducing of sugar intake are the key pillars to prevent oral diseases, including a positive effect on numerous chronic diseases. Future preventive approaches should focus on pregnant women and mothers of infants with a common vision of health and a shared responsibility for children's oral health care to promote healthy lifestyles and self-care practices in families.

KEYWORDS:

Dental caries; Infant; Oral health; Prevention; Risk factors

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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