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J Sep Sci. 2017 Nov;40(22):4329-4337. doi: 10.1002/jssc.201700686. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Optimization of the ultrasound-assisted extraction of antioxidant phloridzin from Lithocarpus polystachyus Rehd. using response surface methodology.

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Sichuan Agricultural University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pharmacy, Chengdu, China.


The purpose of this study was to optimize the extraction process of phloridzin from Lithocarpus polystachyus Rehd. leaves using response surface methodology and to determine the antioxidant capacity of the extract. A Box-Behnken design was used to analyze the effects of ethanol concentration, liquid-solid ratio, soak time and extraction time on the extraction yield of phloridzin. The content of phloridzin was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. To assess the antioxidant capacity of the extract, three in vitro test systems were used (1,1-,diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, hydroxyl radical scavenging test and reduction force). The optimal parameters obtained by response surface methodology were a volume fraction of ethanol of 64%, a liquid-solid ratio of 37:1, a soaking time of 35 h and a sonication time of 38 min. The proportion of the extraction of phloridzin from L. polystachyus under these industrial process conditions was 3.83%. According to the obtained results, response surface methodology could be suggested as an adequate model for optimizing the extraction process of phloridzin from L. polystachyus. Ultrasound extraction significantly increased the extraction rate of phloridzin, which could be used as an antioxidant in pharmaceutical and food products.


Lithocarpus polystachyus Rehd; antioxidants; phloridzin; response surface methodology; ultrasound-assisted extraction

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