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J Hosp Infect. 1987 Sep;10(2):204-8.

Contamination of small-volume medication nebulizers and its association with oropharyngeal colonization.

Author information

1
Department of Infection Control, de Stadsmaten General Hospital, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The effect of the use of small-volume medication nebulizers on oropharyngeal colonization with potentially pathogenic Gram-negative bacilli was investigated in 95 patients with respiratory disease, of whom 54 used nebulizers and 41 were controls. Inhalation therapy had a significant effect on colonization, with a relative risk of more than four. Age over 60 years also showed a significant association with colonization. One-third of the nebulizers sampled were contaminated, 71% with Gram-negative bacilli. A direct route of contamination could be demonstrated in 28% of the patients. Medication nebulizers should be thoroughly cleaned after use and stored dry between patients.

PMID:
2889775
DOI:
10.1016/0195-6701(87)90148-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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