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Mhealth. 2017 Aug 14;3:33. doi: 10.21037/mhealth.2017.07.03. eCollection 2017.

mHealth based interventions for the assessment and treatment of psychotic disorders: a systematic review.

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1
The University of Central Lancashire, Preston, PR1 2HE, UK.
2
Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK.
3
Queens University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada.
4
Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9, Canada.
5
The University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.

Abstract

The relative burden of mental health disorders is increasing globally, in terms of prevalence and disability. There is limited data available to guide treatment choices for clinicians in low resourced settings, with mHealth technologies being a potentially beneficial avenue to bridging the large mental health treatment gap globally. The aim of the review was to search the literature systematically for studies of mHealth interventions for psychosis globally, and to examine whether mHealth for psychosis has been investigated. A systematic literature search was completed in Embase, Medline, PsychINFO and Evidence Based Medicine Reviews databases from inception to May 2016. Only studies with a randomised controlled trial design that investigated an mHealth intervention for psychosis were included. A total of 5690 records were identified with 7 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The majority of included studies, were conducted across Europe and the United Sates with one being conducted in China. The 7 included studies examined different parameters, such as Experiential Sampling Methodology (ESM), medication adherence, cognitive impairment, social functioning and suicidal ideation in veterans with schizophrenia. Considering the increasing access to mobile devices globally, mHealth may potentially increase access to appropriate mental health care. The results of this review show promise in bridging the global mental health treatment gap, by enabling individuals to receive treatment via their mobile phones, particularly for those individuals who live in remote or rural areas, areas of high deprivation and for those from low resourced settings.

KEYWORDS:

global mental health; mHealth; mental health gap; psychosis

Conflict of interest statement

Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

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