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Arch Virol. 1987;96(3-4):135-51.

Maturation process of Japanese encephalitis virus in cultured mosquito cells in vitro and mouse brain cells in vivo.

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Department of Ultrastructural Studies, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C.


The maturation process of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus in C6/36 cells in vitro and in mouse brain cells in vivo was studied by electron microscopy. In the C6/36 cell infection, 500 to 2250 virions per cell were released into the medium during the period of study; yet, no virus budding process was observed at the host cell membranes. JE virions at various maturation stages appeared within the cisternae of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) of infected cells at 24 hours p.i.; and, although C6/36 cells did not show a well-developed Golgi apparatus, the virions appeared to be carried to the cell surface within host-cell secretory vesicles for extracellular release as early as 24 hours p.i. The occurrence of a secretory-type intracellular transport of maturing JE virus particles was well recognizable in brain cells of infected mice, in which JE virus particles were found almost exclusively in the cisternae of RER, in the Golgi apparatus, and in various vesicles, including coated vesicles, in the vicinity of the Golgi apparatus. Our previous study of dengue-2 virus morphogenesis and our present study of JE virus morphogenesis differed substantially at various stages of maturation. Possible mechanisms which explain these differences were discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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